Monday, July 30, 2007

Expressions of Desire

There are two ways to express desire or wish. When what one desires takes a noun (I want a car, I want money etc.) "hoshii (to want)" is used. When what one's wants involve action (I want to go, I want to eat etc.), the stem of the verb "~ tai (~たい)" is used.
I want a car.
Kuruma ga hoshii desu.

I want to buy a car.
Kuruma o kaitai desu.

I want that book.
Sono hon ga hoshii desu.

I want to read that book.
Sono hon o yomitai desu.

In informal situations, "~ desu(~です)" can be omitted.
I want money.
Okane ga hoshii.

I want to go to Japan.
Nihon ni ikitai.

These patters are used only for the first person, and in question for the second person. When describing a third person's desire, "hoshigatte imasu (欲しがっています)" or the stem of the verb "~ tagatte imasu (~たがっています)" are used.

- I want a camera.

Kamera ga hoshii desu.

- My brother wants a camera.

Ani wa kamera o hoshigatte imasu.

- I want to watch this movie.

Kono eiga o mitai desu.

- Ken wants to watch this movie.

Ken wa kono eiga o
mitagatte imasu.

Please note that the object of "hoshii (ほしい)" is marked with the particle "ga (が)," while the object of "hoshigatte imasu(欲しがっています)" is marked with the particle "o (を)." The "~ tai(~たい)" expression is not normally used when asking about the desire of one's superior.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

This stuff was copy-pasted from another site, and you managed to add mistakes, too!